Ayyaz Mallick’s paper
Beyond “Domination without Hegemony”: passive revolution(s) in Pakistan
This paper delineates the problematic of state and civil society set out by Marx and Gramsci in its theoretical-conjunctural validity, as it relates to postcolonial social formations and especially post-1970s Pakistan. The Gramscian concepts of passive revolution, “boundary-traversing” hegemony, and the integral state are elaborated through references to three major theorists of postcolonial societies: Chatterjee, Alavi, and Fanon. The resulting framework is then deployed to understand developments in post-1970s Pakistan as two phases of passive revolution.
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